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Auteur Le Ratanakiri, les bornes-frontières, les "concessions à 99 ans" de forêts : 3 articles passionnants à recouper   ( Réponses 5 | Lectures 2478 )
Haut de page 28/12/2015 @ 21:10 Bas de page
Le Ratanakiri, les bornes-frontières, les "concessions à 99 ans" de forêts : 3 articles passionnants à recouper Reply With Quote
Déconnecté(e) robin des bois
Grand sage

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Ces 3 articles (1 du Cambodia Daily / 2 du Phnom Penh Post ) me paraissent très intéressants à rapprocher .
Le plus simple est de vous les livrer dans leur ordre parution
- avec le lien internet correspondant
-et le texte complet (car je me suis aperçu qu'ils disparaissaient après quelques jours)

SVP à vous de vous les approprier


Cambodia, Vietnam Celebrate New Border Posts
by Aun Pheap | December 28, 2015

Nearing the end of a year that has seen tension over Cambodia’s border with Vietnam often dominate domestic political discourse, Prime Minister Hun Sen on Saturday appeared alongside Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung to inaugurate two new border posts in Ratanakkiri and Takeo provinces.

Delivering a scripted speech at the unveiling of a new demarcation post near the O’Yadaw border checkpoint in Ratanakkiri, Mr. Hun Sen said the two countries would begin negotiations to demarcate their borders at sea once they had completed the remaining 1,270 km of land boundaries.

Opposition politicians launched a crusade earlier this year to highlight encroachments by Vietnam —including along the border in Ratanakkiri—and to discredit the government’s work demarcating its eastern frontier.
Amid the opposition’s campaign, Cambodia’s Foreign Affairs Ministry sent a series of terse diplomatic notes to Vietnam asking for them to halt construction or withdraw from three contested border areas, or “white zones,” in the provinces of Ratanakkiri, Kandal and Kampot.

Hong Sok Hour, an opposition senator who was at the fore of the campaign, was then jailed in August after showing a doctored border treaty in a video posted to Facebook, and Mr. Hun Sen sent out a warning days later that anyone claiming the government was using the wrong maps to demarcate the border would face legal action.

On Saturday, the prime minister said that the government was both defending Cambodian territory and ensuring friendly relations with Vietnam in its work demarcating the border.
The Cambodian government will pursue strong efforts with the government of Vietnam to ensure… it is the real international border by changing the border lines on the map to boundary posts on the ground,” Mr. Hun Sen said, noting that 16.8 percent of the shared border had yet to be officially marked.

Obviously, this borderline has to run in line with the legal occupation of people living along the border to put an end to every irregularity or problem and to become the boundary area for our two countries to develop peacefully and harmoniously,” he said.

Mr. Hun Sen added that the countries would begin work on staking out their claims to coastal waters once the land border was completely demarcated.
Communities living on the coast and on islands near Vietnam often complain of Vietnamese fishing boats freely entering Cambodian waters, and say they are using methods such as trawling that are both illegal and environmentally destructive.

Var Kimhong, chairman of the government’s border affairs committee, said on Sunday that it would still be a “long time” before talks over demarcating coastal waters begin.
We will start negotiations to delineate the sea border with the Vietnamese side after the land border posts are completed,” Mr. Kimhong said.

“But we do not know yet when the negotiation will start because we need to take a long time to work on the land boundary posts.”

Both the Cambodian and Vietnamese governments have blamed “extremist” elements of the opposition for attempting to damage diplomatic relations for political gain and interfering with the border demarcation process along the way.
A report in state news agency Viet Nam News on Friday quoted Nguyen Anh Dung, deputy chairman of the Vietnamese Foreign Ministry’s border commission, saying that the factors impeding the joint border work included “Cambodia opposition forces’ sabotage activities to divide bilateral friendship.”
Um Sam An, a CNRP lawmaker who has been a leading critic of the CPP’s border work and is living in self-imposed exile, said on Friday that the new posts in Ratanakkiri and Takeo were once again placed inside Cambodian territory and that their location did not match constitutionally mandated French-drawn maps.
Opposition lawmaker Mao Monyvann said on Sunday that the Foreign Affairs Ministry missives sent to Vietnam earlier this year were an admission that efforts to demarcate and defend the border were not going well.
“I don’t think the work of building the boundary posts is going smoothly because we have seen the government also recognized that some areas are being violated by the side of Vietnam,” he said.

*** Phnom Penh Post :

New Vietnam border markers feted
Mon, 28 December 2015
Meas Sokchea

Prime Minister Hun Sen inaugurated two border markers with Vietnam over the weekend, including one in Ratanakkiri province close to where some 40,000 hectares in land concessions were revealed last week to be controlled by the Vietnamese military.
Four economic land concessions (ELCs) near the O’Yadav border checkpoint, where Hun Sen and his Vietnamese counterpart, Nguyen Tan Dung, presided over the ceremony on Saturday, are linked through their chairmen to the Vietnamese Army’s Corps 15, according to an investigation by the Cambodia Daily.
The concessions – Veasna Investment, Chea Chanrith, Rama Khmer and Dai Dong Duong – cover almost 40,000 hectares in Ratanakkiri, with three of the chairmen of the companies holding the leases also serving as commanders of Corps 15 units, according to the report.

The revelation seemingly validated the concerns of critics of the government’s policy on the border, prompting opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party president Sam Rainsy to warn that leasing such large tracts of land to a foreign military was “a serious threat to Cambodia’s national sovereignty and territorial integrity”.

Granting 99-year land concessions covering tens of thousands of hectares in Ratanakkiri province, in an area adjacent to the border with Vietnam, to the Vietnamese army is a grave error,” he said in a post on Facebook.
“Each year, land and forest concessions granted by our government to foreign companies bring to Cambodia less than $10 million, while Vietnam collects up to $800 million from the timber trade,” he added.

Between February 2011 and August 2012, the four concessions were quietly transferred to the control of Do Van Sang, commander of Company 75, Pham Van Giang, commander of Company 72, Tran Quang Hung, commander of Company 74, and Nguyen Canh Quang, chairman of Aphivat Caoutchouc 72 Oya Dav Co, Ltd, which acquired the Chea Chanrith concession, according to the Daily.
Var Kimhong, the senior minister in charge of border affairs, said yesterday that he doubted that the government had leased the land to the Vietnamese companies, without offering any contradictory evidence.

A committee tasked with assessing ELCs is due to probe the Ratanakkiri concessions in the coming weeks, he added.
Hun Sen on Saturday said his government “would work with the Vietnamese government to guarantee our people have a proper border as a real international borderline”.
“The border must reflect the real situation of people living along the border to end [the dispute],” he added.

Yesterday Hun Sen presided over the inauguration of another border post in Takeo province.
A joint commission for demarcating the border, chaired by Kimhong, was set up on December 17.
Chhay Thy, provincial coordinator for the rights group Adhoc, said the acquisition of the concessions by the Vietnamese companies had led to a spike in illegal logging, which was only slowed because of protests from Cambodians living in the area

*** [Phnom Penh Post :


Rosewood exports down
Mon, 28 December 2015
Daniel Pye

In the first nine months of 2015, exports of Cambodian rosewood to China – the Kingdom’s largest market for the protected species – have declined by as much as 95 per cent compared with the same period last year, data released by NGO Forest Trends show.

China has registered a major drop in rosewood imports from Mekong region countries in 2015 following years of speculation on high-value hardwood species, a Communist Party anti-corruption drive and a trend towards less expensive softwood furniture, according to the forest monitor’s recent report, titled China’s Hongmu Consumption Boom.
By contrast, African countries such as Mali, Gambia and Cameroon registered increased rosewood exports to China, which has seen a boom since 2010 in the production of faux antique rosewood furniture known as hongmu – a term which also refers to the high-value hardwood species themselves.
The boom seemingly peaked in 2014 when the value of imports nearly doubled compared with the year before, from $1.4 billion to $2.6 billion.
The craze for expensive hongmu products since 2010 has elevated certain hardwood species – including species logged extensively in Cambodia – to the status of precious metals in terms of their ability to retain value, with wood sometimes hoarded like heirloom jewellery.
The increasing rarity of the high-quality rosewood materials has led to stockpiling of logs even by individual Chinese households, creating highly speculative markets which are nonetheless deemed more safe or profitable than bank savings accounts or the often-volatile stock market,” Forest Trends said.
In Asia, transnational organised crime syndicates have emerged to exploit this highly profitable commodity, challenging efforts to preserve remaining rosewood stocks.”
As the availability of high-quality, large hardwood trees – such as Siamese rosewood – has declined sharply in countries like Cambodia since 2010, China has increased African rosewood imports by 700 per cent, according to Forest Trends, despite the timber being of lower quality.

Vietnam reported imports of sawn Cambodian timber worth $257 million in 2014 – three times as much as was reported in 2013 – including almost 6,000 cubic metres of Siamese rosewood, the collection, transportation and export of which was banned in Cambodia in early 2013.

“There is strong evidence that this booming demand is being met by rosewood that has been illegally harvested, with dire consequences for complex ecosystems in some of the world’s most biodiverse forests,” said Forest Trends’ Naomi Basik Treanor, who authored the report.

Many countries in Africa and Asia ban the harvest or export of rosewood logs, yet these products are still making their way across China’s borders.
In many cases, this demand has also adversely impacted the livelihoods of forest-dependent people who rely on hongmu as a source of fuel and medicine
Chheng Kimsun, director of the Forestry Administration, and a spokesman for the Chinese Embassy, did not respond to requests for comment yesterday.
Much of the timber exported from Cambodia is routed through Hong Kong or Vietnam to circumvent a longstanding ban on exports of unprocessed logs.
Importers utilising this so-called “express trade” route are able to avoid value-added tax while still shipping their product to China’s special economic zones or port cities on Guangdong province’s Pearl River Delta, according to the report.
Given their role in the global trade of rosewood, China’s consumers and government are in a unique position to take a leadership role in ensuring that only legally and sustainably sourced rosewood enters the country,” Kerstin Canby, director of Forest Trends’ forest trade and finance program, said.
China already has in place some existing frameworks related to the sale of rosewood, as well as emerging systems to verify the legal provenance of timber importers, and these could serve as a foundation for more robust and legally binding legislation to curb illegal timber imports.”

Edité le 28/12/2015 @ 21:11 par robin des bois
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Feuilleton toujours aussi passionnant, avec -dernier rebondissement- " un modeste" réajustement des surfaces des concessions incriminées :
de 40 000 HA, on passerait à 4 0000 entre le 31/12/2015 et le 1er janvier 2016

Un vrai miracle hun-senien(ou alors une faute de frappe de la dactylo de service !)
rdb : On dit pourtant que ce serait les Khmers qui ont inventé le "zéro" !!!

- sur ce lien du PPP :

- cet article
Vietnamese military-held ELCs in R’kiri slashed according to government
Fri, 8 January 2016
Phak Seangly

Four Vietnamese military-controlled land concessions in Ratanakkiri province were downsized to a fraction of their original acreage as part of a government audit of land leased to private companies, officials said yesterday, amid opposition criticism of the concessions.
The economic land concessions, all joint ventures between the Vietnamese military and Cambodian investors, originally covered almost 40,000 hectares of Cambodian territory.
But Soy Sona, director of the Ratanakkiri provincial agriculture department, yesterday said that the four concessions – Rama Khmer, Chea Chanrith, Veasna Investment and Dai Dong Duong – were cut to a tenth of their size in late 2015.

In May 2012, Prime Minister Hun Sen issued Directive 01, which prohibited the issuance of new concessions and began a nationwide audit of existing ones.
An initial inspection of the concessions by volunteers was followed up by an Agriculture Ministry assessment late last year, Sona said, which led to the cuts.
After direct inspections, we found the four companies have only planted on 4,000 hectares.
So most of the land was confiscated at the end of 2015

Sona said, without commenting on whether the cuts were made before or after the fact of their military ownership was made public.
The Rama Khmer concession was cut from more than 6,000 hectares to 900;
Chea Chanrith’s was slashed from over 5,000 to 778;
Dai Dong Duong’s was cut from nearly 5,000 to 800,
and Veasna Investment’s was cut from more than 5,000 to about 1,500,
he added.
Transferred over 2011 and 2012 to the Vietnamese companies, the four ELCs near the O’Yadav border checkpoint are reported to be linked through their chairmen to the Vietnamese Army’s Corps 15.
Amid ongoing tension over the border issue, opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party leader Sam Rainsy has said the concessions effectively meant that Cambodian territory had “been turned into a military zone under the control of a foreign country”.

Chhay Thy, provincial coordinator for local rights group Adhoc, welcomed the decision to scale back the concessions.

It would be better if the government cancelled the contract, because recently the government said that it is illegal to rent land along the border to foreigners,”
he said.

rdb : "le Cambodge est vraiment le Pays des merveilles",
et finalement le Vietnam un "charmant voisin" -
surtout à l'approche de l'élection hun sénienne de 2017 !
Car, je viens de lire aussi un autre article qui annonce que le pouvoir vietnamien interdit désormais de louer des terres cambodgiennes le long de la frontière ( pour faire plaisir au PM. HS)

Que souhaiter de plus en ce "nouvel an occidental 2016 ",
en attendant bien sûr le Têt et Chaul Chnam Thmey 2560 !!

Edité le 08/01/2016 @ 07:09 par robin des bois
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S'ils ont inventé le zéro, ils ne maîtrisent pas encore l'addition.
Le total avant coupure fait 21 000 ha au lieu de 40 000. Il manque donc 19 000 ha. Dans les mains de qui sont-ils passés ?

Seuls les faucons volent.
Les vrais restent au sol.
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f6exb a écrit

S'ils ont inventé le zéro, ils ne maîtrisent pas encore l'addition.
Le total avant coupure fait 21 000 ha au lieu de 40 000. Il manque donc 19 000 ha. Dans les mains de qui sont-ils passés ?

J'avais repéré aussi, mais autant que je me souvienne( et donc : à vérifier svp):
- le pouvoir cambodgien n'acceptait pas le chiffrage de 40 000 ha
- cette estimation viendrait de "photos satellite" étudiées par une ONG, mais recoupant certaines " observations faites sur le terrain " ....
... encore une fois SVP à recouper.. car Papy se fait vieux !!!

Edité le 08/01/2016 @ 11:32 par robin des bois
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Re : Le Ratanakiri, les bornes-frontières, les Reply With Quote
Déconnecté(e) Seun nmott
Modérateur Vénérable Sage

Messages 10181
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A l’ère de L'ASEAN, :reflechi1: y a plus de frontière, entre ces charmants voisins...:languetourne:

A force de crier ainsi vous passez pour les anti vietnamiens , chers Messieurs...

Rien n'existe qui n'ait au préalable été rêvé. © Ismaël Mérindol (1466)
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......"Land of our fathers"

- sur ce lien du Cambodia daily :

- cet article :
Government Cancels Concession Run by Vietnamese Army

by Aun Pheap | March 29, 2016 |

One of four rubber plantations operated by the Vietnamese military in Ratanakkiri province had its contract with the government canceled last month amid accusations that it had engaged in illegal logging and had allowed Vietnamese farmers to encroach on Cambodian land, the director of the provincial agriculture department said on Monday.
The Dai Dong Duong economic land concession (ELC)was one of four in the northeastern province whose shares were quietly bought up over the past few years by various units of the Vietnamese army, according to Commerce Ministry records and Vietnamese state media.
Ethnic Jarai villagers have repeatedly accused the plantations of encroaching on their ancestral forests.
In June, the Foreign Affairs Ministry complained to Hanoi about a group of irrigation ponds on Dai Dong Duong’s property allegedly dug by Vietnamese farmers from across the nearby border, which has yet to be fully demarcated.
The Agriculture Ministry said in November that the company would be reviewed.
On Monday, the director of the Ratanakkiri agriculture department, Soy Sona, said the government canceled Dai Dong Duong’s concession in February for failing to develop its property.
The government canceled the ELC investment project of the Dai Dong Duong company because since they got the land they have not done any work on it as required by their contract with the government,” Mr. Sona said.
“This company did not do any work on the land because it did not have enough money to invest.”

He said the 9,000 hectares initially granted to Dai Dong Duong was cut down to about 5,000 hectares in 2012, when authorities started gradually handing pieces of land back to indigenous communities in the area.
Deputy provincial governor Nhem Sam Oeun said the company had planted rubber trees on about 800 hectares and would be compensated for the loss.
Mr. Sam Oeun confirmed the concession had been canceled but said the decision was made in order to preclude the company from allowing any more Vietnamese farmers onto the site from across the contentious border, which abuts the ELC’s eastern boundary.
We canceled the ELC because the land is close to the border and the government was worried that border problems would happen in the future,” he said.
Mr. Sona said the border row had nothing to do with the decision.
As for the other three plantations run by the Vietnamese military, they had not been reviewed and would continue operating, he said.
Agriculture Ministry spokesman Eang Sophalleth, who said in November that Dai Dong Duong would be reviewed, said on Monday he did not know the fate of the plantation, nor that of the other three, because he was still compiling the results of a nationwide ELC review that wrapped up a few months ago.
I have no comment…because I have not put together everything yet,” he said.
Romash Svat, a Jarai villager who lives near the former Dai Dong Duong plantation, said he did not know that the concession had been canceled but was glad to hear it.
The villagers have faced many difficulties because when we tried to clear our land for rotational farming, or went to hunt in the forest, the companies stopped us and told us that the forest belonged to them because they bought it from the government,” he said.

I think the people in the village will be very happy that the ELC was canceled…because the livelihoods of the villagers depend on the forest products.

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