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Publié le 17/02/2017 @ 06:58
Protection de l' Enfance : Articles du PP.Poste et du C.DAILY, intéressants pour faire un point 2017

La sortie presque simultanée de ces 2 articles - et leur recoupement- peut nous aider à y voir plus clair en 2017 sur deux dossiers :
- la politique de l'Exécutif cambodgien concernant la Protection de l'Enfance" ,
- les "Orphelinats khmers"

* primo : "The P.P. POST"
- sur ce lien :
- cet article :
Government shutters 56 shelters
Thu, 16 February 2017
Kong Meta and Cristina Maza
Social Affairs Minister Vong Soth speaks at the Ministry’s annual meeting yesterday in Phnom Penh. PPha Lina

Cambodia's government closed 56 shelters last year, the majority of them or­phanages, amid a major push to get thousands of children back into homes and out of institutional care after years of criticism, the Ministry of Social Affairs announced yesterday.
The closures, announced at the launch of the ministry’s annual report yesterday, represent an eightfold increase from 2015, and 9 percent of the 639 registered shelters operating in the Kingdom last year.
Of those, 406 were specifically for accommodating children, the report revealed.
The shelters housed 26,187 individuals, nearly two-thirds of whom were underage.
“The ministry is very actively reforming orphanages by strengthening the quality of inspections and reducing the number of children in centres,” Minister of Social Affairs Vong Soth said yesterday.
Officials said the closures were prompted by efforts to improve the standards of shelters and reintegrate homeless children back into their families, which experts say better promotes their long-term well-being. An estimated 70 percent of children in Cambodia’s orphanages have at least one living parent, and the government has pledged to return 30 percent of orphanage residents back to their families by 2018.
According to Chan Kanha, deputy chief of the ministry’s child welfare department, of the 56 centres closed, 20 were closed because the residents had been reintegrated into their families.
The other 36 were closed for not meeting the minimum requirements of care.
However, sending children back to their families can have complications of its own.
Mike Nowlin, executive director of the NGO Hagar International, said yesterday that the government will need substantial assistance from the non-profit sector if it’s going to ensure the children in Cambodia’s centres are sent to safe homes.
The government has openly acknowledged that they don’t have the resources to deal with all of the social care issues the country has now,” Nowlin said, noting that some children have been “improperly reintegrated" by some non-governmental actors.
They are trying to change the predominant care model, and there are so many pieces of that … How do you stop a parent from deciding a kid will be better off in an orphanage?”
Still, Nowlin says there is momentum behind the government’s push to find safe homes for homeless kids.
Hagar recently teamed up with the government and about 40 other non-profits to launch an initiative called Family Care First, which aims to improve the quality of social work in the Kingdom.
As of 2015, Cambodia’s government employed just 14 social workers for the entire country.
It takes a strong community-based care model to assess a family’s needs and make sure the kid is going to be safe and not exploited,” Nowlin said, adding that NGOs “are going to help with that”.
James Sutherland, of Friends International, which partners with the government on a child protection program, echoed this sentiment, stressing his organisation’s commitment to reintegrating children back into their families and “creating protective environments within their communities where children can thrive safely”.
,” Sutherland said.
But despite the NGO’s sector’s willingness to offer support, the government has its work cut out for it.
With some 97 percent of shelters privately run, the government exercises direct control over only 22 state-run institutions.
What’s more, a survey published by UNICEF and the ministry in March revealed that about half of the orphanages operating in Cambodia are unregistered.
Prior to the start of the recent reintegration push, only registered operations were being inspected by the government, and it’s been It’s very encouraging that clear progress is being made toward ending the exploitation of children who have been unnecessarily institutionaliseddifficult to verify what goes on behind the closed doors of private entities, some of which are religiously affiliated.
Speaking yesterday, Soth acknowledged the long road ahead, saying the ministry is “facing our challenges”.
But, he said, “We will continue to strengthen child welfare.”

** secundo : le "Cambodia Daily"
- sur ce lien :
-cet article :
NGOs Scramble to Care for Children as Orphanages Close
by Hannah Hawkins and Khy Sovuthy | February 17, 2017

More than a year after the government said it would crack down on Cambodia’s sprawling and disorganized
An orphanage in Siem Reap province in 2013 (Thomas Cristofoletti/Ruom)

system, 56 shelters have been closed by the Social Affairs Ministry, putting pressure on NGOs to house hundreds of children.
Amid mounting pressure from child welfare NGOs, the ministry in December 2015 demanded that all child care institutions register and adhere to a set of standards or risk being shut down.
The ministry said this week that 56 shelters were shuttered and 462 children were placed in family homes last year.
Sebastien Marot, executive director of Friends International, said his organization saw an influx of children needing support last year after many emergency closures, which happen when child safety is found to be at immediate risk.
“It’s quite difficult when you have emergency closures. You have a huge number of kids coming immediately,” he said.
Although most of the shelters were small and the children were helped by several NGOs, it was “not a walk in the park,” Mr. Marot said.
“There’s still pressure on the NGOs, still pressure on funding, [we] still have to feed and house the kids, and have staff,” he said. “But so far, we’ve managed.”
Of the children the ministry sent to Friends last year, most have already been reintegrated into private homes, he said.
In most of the cases, the kids have been placed back with either their direct family or extended family,”he said.
Others were placed in foster homes.
According to the ministry’s annual report released on Wednesday, 639 facilities housing 26,187 minors registered last year, with 406 of them housing children and the others both children and teenagers.
Social Affairs Minister Vong Sauth said in Thursday’s meeting that the government would like 30 percent of children still in residential care to be returned to their families or communities by next year.
The campaign does not appear to have progressed equally across the country. Maggie Eno, co-founder and director of the Sihanoukville-based child protection NGO M’Lop Tapang, said no shelters were closed last year in Preah Sihanouk province.
“It has been only the past three months that they’ve been meeting and starting to trace families,” she said.
Last week, NGOs Hagar International and Save the Children started an advisory body to help the government develop national standards for its social work staff, as part of a broader project, Family Care First, which aims to phase out residential care.
The ministry currently employs 17 social workers through a Unicef-sponsored initiative, said Ros Sokha, the ministry’s director of child welfare.

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